Bern, City of Bears

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Recently, Travis and I had the chance to tour Bern, Switzerland. This small capital city in Europe is home to about 430,000 in the greater metropolitan area and is frequently listed among the top ten best cities in the world to live.

Our tour guide for the day was none other than a local – a helpful Swiss Customs official who answered an email inquiry about Swiss Customs fees nearly a year ago. Since then, he’s popped in occasionally to read a blog or two. We’ve continued to exchange emails, and he’s fielded other questions that in hindsight would more appropriately have been directed to other administrative offices. Without fanfare, our knight in a button-down dress shirt has been helpful, informative, and unexpectedly funny for someone in his position.

Government employees are supposed to be grumpy and incompetent.

Through our exchanges, I found myself intrigued by this mysterious, witty gentleman who repeatedly fielded my queries promptly, intermingling advanced Customs policy with poetic metaphors about ancient Athens. When he offered to give us a personal tour of Bern, we jumped at the opportunity to have a local of 40+ years share the secrets of his city.

In the name of anonymity, let’s just refer to our friendly Customs official as CG, Customs Gentleman, since the last thing he probably needs is every wayward expat flooding him with emails about things like the requirements for shipping alcohol to the US.

Leaving the car at home for the day, Travis and I took the train to Bern and met CG at the train station. We spotted each other immediately and made introductions.  Without hesitation, CG set off at a spry walk with us perpetually half trotting to keep up. Without further ado, here’s the best of Bern, according to a local.

University of Bern

Almost immediately upon exiting the train station with its modernized glass arched covering, we arrived at the University of Bern.

Though much newer than schools such as the University of Basel, which was founded in the 15th century, it’s the third largest in Switzerland. With nearly 18,000 students, it has grown in popularity since it was founded in 1834. In 1908, the esteemed Albert Einstein was drawn to the university to teach theoretical physics there.

University of Bern in Bern, Switzerland
Bern University, Switzerland

As seems common for European universities that have expanded in areas with limited space, many of its buildings are non-centralized and consist of old buildings purchased and renovated in an economical way. Several of the institutes at Bern University are even housed in the remains of an old chocolate factory.

LOEB Shopping District

Very near the train station, CG stopped to show us a plaque on the wall near the entrance to LOEB, Bern’s famous shopping district.

The plaque highlights notable groups of Swiss immigrants who settled in the United States. The total distance they traveled is included on the plaque.

Idaho made it on a plaque in Switzerland!

List of US settlements by Swiss immigrants in Bern, Switzerland
One of these groups settled in our home state. It was this group that traveled the furthest before reaching their new home in Bern, Idaho.

The famous LOEB shopping district is owned by the 5th generation of the LOEB family. With multi-level malls and an entire network of hole-in-the-wall stores accessed through cellar doors, it would take weeks to investigate all the little shops. Be on the look-out for the slanted street-level cellar doors that open into basement stores.

Stunned at some of the store-front prices, which are high even for Switzerland, we were content just to window shop. I can’t say that I really have any desire for a 20,000 CHF necklace anyway.

Expensive jewelry in LOEB shopping district, Bern, Switzerland
The bauble on the left is 19,400 CHF!
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Old Town, UNESCO World Heritage

Most of the really popular tourist attractions in Bern are in Old Town, the city’s medieval center which has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1983.

Photography of red rooftops of Old Town Bern, Switzerland for sale
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Zytglogge Tower

Right in the heart of Old Town is Zytglogge Tower, a landmark medieval clock tower built in the early 1200s.

At one time, the tower was used as a women’s prison specifically for those who had committed sexual acts with clergymen. Talk about a specific prison for a very specific offense.

Did merely flirting with a priest warrant a visit to ye olde slammer?

Zytglogge Tower in Bern, Switzerland
A red and white Swiss flag and a Bern cantonal flag fly along the street leading to Zytglogge Tower.

Zytglogge Astronomical Clock

In 1530, a large ornate astronomical clock was added to the Zytglogge Tower. It now draws a large crowd of visitors every day when the clock strikes the hour and the mechanical figurines come alive.

Zytglogge in Bern, Switzerland
Zytglogge Astronomical Clock, Bern, Switzerland

Child Eater Fountain

Over 100 public fountains are sprinkled throughout the city of Bern. Of these, eleven are topped with 16th-century Renaissance statues that represent either historical or allegorical characters. Ten of these are the work of a single artist, Hans Gieng of Fribourg. A popular walking tour includes finding all eleven of these statues.

Though we didn’t look for all of them, we did pass several. The Kindlifresserbrunnen is undoubtedly the most famous. This “Child Eater Fountain” features a giant devouring a naked child with a bag of children at his feet.

Morbid? Uh, yeah. 

Fascinating? Definitely. 

Though theories abound, the exact meaning of the fountain is unclear.

Child Eater Fountain in Old Town Bern, Switzerland
Child Eater Fountain, Old Town Bern, Switzerland

Another fountain, the Zähringerbrunnen, was created in honor of the founder of Bern – Berchtold von Zähringer.

According to CG, a grand hunt was held while Zähringer was scouting out land for the city. Vowing that the new city would be named after the first animal killed during the hunt, an unlucky bear was slain and thereafter became the symbol of the city’s. Bears are still widely displayed on flags, paintings, and statues throughout Bern.

Aare River

CG briefly took us past the Bern Münster, or cathedral, encouraging us to come back later and climb the tower stairs for a superb view of the city. We definitely planned to do that, but first, he had other plans.

Aare River in Old Town Bern
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Because it was a weekday and CG had taken an extended lunch break for our tour, he had limited time left.

We continued on to a pair of old bridges over the incredibly blue River Aare snaking through town before doubling back to rest at a nearby cafe. Ordering drinks, CG recommended a panaché.

Travel Tip: Also called a shandy, panaché is light beer topped with a citrus soda like 7-Up and served on ice.

Our walking tour of Bern turned into the hottest day of the summer in Switzerland, so the drink tasted extra fabulous – light, fruity, and refreshing.

After drinks, we thanked CG again and parted ways. He returned to his office, and we made our way over the nearby Nydegg Bridge to a shady set of stone steps along the river below.

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Tired from the heat, we enjoyed brown-bag sandwiches with our feet in the deliciously cool water. The setting was so beautiful and peaceful, we ended up falling asleep under the cool trees to the sound of the rushing river.

By the time we woke up, we were ready to hike back up the hill for more adventures touring the cathedral.

Bern Cathedral

Bern Cathedral is a Protestant Gothic church initially built in 1421 but not completed until 1893. At 100 meters, it’s the tallest cathedral in Switzerland. Inside, it’s home to the country’s most valuable set of stained glass windows as well as the largest bell. Made in 1611, the Grosse Glocke (Big Bell) weighs in at 10.5 tons.

We walked around the perimeter, admiring what we could see of the statues and stained glass that wasn’t blocked by scaffolding and plastic drapery for remodeling.

Bern Minster – Cathedral of St Vincent, Bern, Switzerland
Main entrance of Bern Cathedral, Bern, Switzerland
The entryway is notable for its complete set of Gothic statues showing the Last Judgement over the main portal.
Christ and Mary statue inside Bern Cathedral, Switzerland
Inside Bern Minster, a statue of the Virgin Mary kneels with the body of Christ at her feet.

If you’re up for it, make sure to pay the few euros to climb the tower steps.  The narrow stone spiral staircase includes nearly 350 steps to the top – a circular walkway above the bell tower. CG was absolutely right in that the tower offers superb views of Bern with a nice 360 panorama.

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We stayed for quite some time talking to the informative employee at the top and admiring the views. I loved the endless rows of brownish red rooftops, compactly squished so close together that the streets in between are nearly invisible.

Photography for sale of Bern, Switzerland skyline
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Grateful we’d had such an intimate experience because of our personal tour with CG, we were content we’d seen the best of Bern.  We hiked the short distance to the main train station for our 30-minute ride back to Fribourg.

Still warm even late in the evening when we arrived home, we cracked a bottle of chilled Swiss wine we were unable to ship to our friends and toasted them in their absence. If you’re anything like us, you’ll have a lot of fun exploring Bern – Switzerland’s city of bears.

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